Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world.Beijing Municipality is surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighboring Tianjin Municipality to the southeast; together the three divisions form the Jingjinji metropolitan region and the national capital region of China.Beijing is the second largest Chinese city by urban population after Shanghai and is the nation's political, cultural and educational center.The Beijing Capital International Airport is the second busiest in the world by passenger traffic.The city is renowned for its opulent palaces, temples, parks, gardens, tombs, walls and gates, and its art treasures and universities have made it a center of culture and art in China. Beijing has seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites – the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs, Zhoukoudian, Great Wall, and the Grand Canal.Beijing hosted the 2008 Summer Olympics and was chosen to host the 2022 Winter Olympics, which will make it the first and only city to ever host both events.People native to urban Beijing speak the Beijing dialect, which belongs to the Mandarin subdivision of spoken Chinese. This speech is the basis for putonghua, the standard spoken language used in mainland China and Taiwan, and one of the four official languages of Singapore.
Beijing or Peking opera is a traditional form of Chinese theater well known throughout the nation.Commonly lauded as one of the highest achievements of Chinese culture, Beijing opera is performed through a combination of song, spoken dialogue, and codified action sequences involving gestures, movement, fighting and acrobatics.Beijing cuisine is the local style of cooking. Peking Roast Duck is perhaps the best known dish. Fuling Jiabing, a traditional Beijing snack food, is a pancake (bing) resembling a flat disk with a filling made from fu ling, a fungus used in traditional Chinese medicine. Teahouses are common in Beijing.The Taoranting, Longtan, Chaoyang, Haidian, Milu Yuan and Zizhu Yuan parks are some of the notable recreational parks in the city.There are 144 museums and galleries (as of June 2008) in the city.In addition to the Palace Museum in the Forbidden City and the National Museum of China, other major museums include the National Art Museum of China, the Capital Museum, the Beijing Art Museum, the Military Museum of the Chinese People's Revolution, the Geological Museum of China, the Beijing Museum of Natural History and the Paleozoological Museum of China.Forbidden City, Palace Museum, Beihai Park, National Museum of China, Monument to the People's Heroes, Mausoleum of Mao Zedong, Summer Palace, Temple of Heaven, Temple of Earth, Temple of the Sun, Temple of the Moon, Dongyue Temple, Tanzhe Temple, Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Niujie Mosque, Pagoda of Tianning Temple, the Fragrant Hills, Beijing Botanical Garden, Beijing Zoo are the interesting places in Beijing.