Padua is a city and comune in Veneto, northern Italy. It is the capital of the province of Padua and the economic and communications hub of the area.The city is sometimes included, with Venice (Italian Venezia) and Treviso, in the Padua-Treviso-Venice Metropolitan Area, having a population of c. 1,600,000.Padua stands on the Bacchiglione River.It hosts the renowned University of Padua, almost 800 years old, and famous, among other things, for having had Galileo Galilei among its lecturers.Padua is the setting for most of the action in Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew.Padua's historic core, includes numerous churches of significant architecture and arts.The churches are Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua- Built in 1235, San Clemente- Built in 1190, Santa Croce, Padua- Built in 1737, Church of St. Daniel of Padua- Completed in the 1076, Church of the Eremitani- Built in 1276, Church of St. Francis- Consecrated in 1430, San Gaetano Church- Built in 1574-6, Abbey Church of Santa Giustina- The first church was built in 520, expanded in 1050, Basilica Cathedral of the Assumption of St. Mary- Padua Cathedral is the 4th structure on this site, built in 1551, Santa Maria dei Servi- dedicated in 1511, Scrovegni Chapel- Consecrated, 1305, Church of Saint Sofia- 10th Century.
Padua has long been famous for its university, founded in 1222. Under the rule of Venice the university was governed by a board of three patricians, called the Riformatori dello Studio di Padova. Scrovegni Chapel, Palazzo della Ragione, Piazza dei Signori, Basilica di Sant'Antonio da Padova, Donatello's magnificent equestrian statue, Prato della Valle, Museum of Precinema, Abbey of Santa Giustina, Church of the Eremitani, Santa Sofia, Padua Synagogue are the main sights of Padua.