Paris is the capital and most populous city of France.Situated on the Seine River, in the north of the country, it is in the centre of the Île-de-France region, also known as the région parisienne, "Paris Region".Paris was founded in the 3rd century BC by a Celtic people called the Parisii, who gave the city its name.The notable architectural landmarks of Paris include Notre Dame Cathedral (12th century); the Sainte-Chapelle (13th century); the Eiffel Tower (1889); and the Basilica of Sacré-Cœur on Montmartre (1914). In 2014 Paris received 22.4 million visitors, making it one of the world's top tourist destinations.Paris is also known for its fashion, particularly the twice-yearly Paris Fashion Week, and for its haute cuisine, and three-star restaurants. Most of France's major universities and grandes écoles are located in Paris, as are France's major newspapers, including Le Monde, Le Figaro, and Libération.Paris is home to the association football club Paris Saint-Germain and the rugby union club Stade Français.
Greater Paris (the city plus surrounding departments) received 22,4 million visitors in 2014, making it one of the world's top tourist destinations. The largest numbers of foreign tourists in 2014 came from the United States (2.74 million), the U.K., Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain and China (532,000).There were 72.1 million visitors to the city's museums and monuments in 2013. The city's top tourist attraction was the Notre Dame Cathedral, which welcomed 14 million visitors in 2013.Louvre Museum, Basilique du Sacre-Coeur, Eiffel Tower, Centre Pompidou, Musee d'Orsay, Disneyland Paris, Sainte-Chapelle, Pont de Sully, Tuileries Garden, Place de la Concorde, Arc de Triomphe, Basilica of St.Denis, Palace of Versailles, Palace of Fontainebleau are main attractions in Paris.For centuries, Paris has attracted artists from around the world, who arrive in the city to educate themselves and to seek inspiration from its vast pool of artistic resources and galleries. As a result, Paris has acquired a reputation as the "City of Art".The Louvre was the world's most visited art museum in 2014, with 9.3 million visitors. Its treasures include the Mona Lisa (La Joconde) and the Venus de Milo statue.Paris has famous for its culture, especially its paintings and sculptures, photography, museums, theatres, literatures, musics, cinema etc.